The urinary system filters the blood, and urine is formed from wastes and excess water in the body.
Kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra work together and make up the urinary system. When an infection occurs in any of the urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys it is referred to as urinary tract infection (UTI).
Urinary tract infection causes are bacteria, fungi, or virus that affects one or any organ in the urinary system. Most cases, this is caused by bacteria, and virus rarely causes the infection. Urinary tract infection commonly affects the urethra and bladder- lower urinary tract infection. Rarely, the infection goes up to the ureters and kidneys. Infection that affects the bladder is called cystitis and infection that affects the urethra is called urethritis.
A person with urinary tract infection can experience any of these:
- Burning sensation while urination
- Nausea and vomiting
- Presence of blood in the urine (hematuria)
- Flank pain
The best treatment for urinary tract infection is prevention. There are several ways on how an individual prevent from having UTIs, such as:
- Drink lots of water, at least 2 liters per day.
- Do not hold urine, empty your bladder as soon as you feel the urge to urinate.
- For females, wipe from front to back to prevent bacteria from the anus to reach the urethral meatus.
- Take showers instead of tub baths.
- Before having sexual intercourse, couples must wash their genitals.
- Urinate after sexual intercourse, especially to women, to flush out bacteria that may have entered the urethra.
- Use cotton underwear and comfortable clothes to keep the body fresh and dry.
- Replace diaphragm and spermicides with other birth control methods.