Gender reassignment surgery, clinically known as genitoplasty procedure, is a surgical procedure preferred by most transgenders. This procedure involves physical alteration, or gender reconstruction male to female and female to male. Transgenders are persons diagnosed with gender dysphoria by a psychiatrist. Some transgenders do not opt for a sex change operation and are comfortable with what they have.
Who needs Gender Reassignment Surgery
Sex reassignment surgery is done to people diagnosed with gender dysphoria. In-depth assessments are done to transgenders and should undergo psychological counseling, hormonal therapy, and social gender role transition for at least a year before the gender change surgery.
Describe Gender Dysphoria
Gender dysphoria causes a feeling of distress to an individual because of the discrepancy of their biological gender to their identified gender. They have persistent feelings to be identified as their identified gender. People with general dysphoria need to undergo assessment, counseling and they need acceptance and support as who they are.
Risks and Complications
During hormonal therapy:
- Increased risk of breast cancer (both transgender male and female)
- Increase blood pressure (transgender male)
- Insulin resistance (transgender male)
- Lipid abnormalities (transgender male)
- Blood clots (transgender women)
- Increase body weight
After a transexual surgery:
- Side effects of anesthesia
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