Urinary Bladder Cancer

Overview

Urinary bladder cancer is where the bladder is affected by cancerous cells, which grow abnormally and the cellular reproduction is uncontrolled. It can spread to adjacent tissues, lymph nodes, and to other parts of the body.

Erectile Dysfunction

Symptoms for urinary bladder cancer

Here are some urinary bladder cancer symptoms:

  • Blood in the urine (hematuria)
  • Urinary frequency: The needs to urinate often
  • Urinary urgency: Sudden feeling to urinate
  • Urinary incontinence: Losing control of bladder
  • Pain upon urination
  • Pain in the abdominal area
  • Lower back pain

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Types of urinary bladder cancer

  • Adenocarcinoma: A type of bladder cancer that starts with the glandular cells, which are special structures that produce mucus
  • Urothelial carcinoma or Transitional cell carcinoma: A type of urinary bladder cancer that begins in the transitional cells that are located on the innermost lining of the bladder, known as urothelium; the most common type of bladder cancer
  • Squamous cell carcinoma: A rare type of bladder; squamous cells develop after a prolonged infection or irritation in the bladder.

Urinary Bladder Cancer Staging

Stage 0
  • Stage 0a: Cancer growth on the surface of the inner lining of the bladder
  • Stage 0is: Carcinoma in situ (CIS), cancer growth is on the surface of the inner lining of the bladder
Stage I:

Cancer growth is on the inner lining of the bladder and to the lamina propria

Stage II:

Known as invasive cancer; cancer growth has reached the thick muscle wall of the bladder

Stage III:

Cancer cells have grown to the muscle wall of the bladder up to the fatty layer tissues around the bladder (perivesical tissue), or to the prostate, seminal vesicles, uterus, or vagina, or to regional lymph nodes

  • Stage IIIA: Cancer cells have reached perivesical tissues, or prostate, seminal vesicles, uterus, or vagina but no lymph nodes affected; or has infiltrated one regional lymph node
  • Stage IIIB: Cancer cells have infiltrated >2 regional lymph nodes or the common iliac lymph nodes
Stage IV:

Cancer has reached the pelvic wall or abdominal wall or has reached the lymph nodes external to the pelvis, or to other organs of the body.

  • Stage IVA: Cancer cells have reached the pelvic wall or abdominal wall, or have reached lymph nodes external to the pelvis
  • Stage IVB: The tumor has reached other organs of the body

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Risk factors of Urinary Bladder Cancer

Here are some risk factors that can contribute to bladder cancer:

  • Smoking
  • Age: As a person ages, there is an increased risk of bladder cancer
  • Male gender
  • Race: White people
  • Severe bladder problems: Bladder problems such as infections and stones increases the risk of having urinary bladder cancer
  • Previous history of bladder cancer
  • Family history of urinary bladder cancer
  • Schistosomiasis: This parasitic disease can cause squamous cell bladder cancer

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