Enlarged prostate: All about its diagnosis, risk factor & treatment

Teleconsultation

The prostate gland is located between the bladder and the penis. It is known for secreting fluid that helps in carrying out the sperm during the ejaculation. It is also recognised for nourishing and protecting the sperm. What happens when the prostate gland turns bigger? Is it a sign of cancer and concern? Read on to find out.

Enlarged Prostate: What and Why

The enlargement of the prostate leads to obstruction in the urine flow from the bladder. Since there is an abnormal cell growth, these cells lead to the swelling of the prostate and squeezing out the urethra. The prostate gland is located under our bladder. When the tube (Urethra) transports urine from the bladder out of the penis, it has to pass through the prostate. As the prostate enlarges, the Urethra squeezes out in size and starts to block urine flow.

It is a common condition and occurs when ageing occurs in men over 50 to 60. The prime cause of the enlarged prostate is still untold. It is assumed that it happens due to the change in the sex hormone.

How does enlarged prostate affect urination?

The enlargement of the prostate leads to obstruction in the urine flow from the bladder. Since there is an abnormal cell growth, these cells lead to the swelling of the prostate and squeezing out the urethra. The prostate gland is located under our bladder. When the tube (Urethra) transports urine from the bladder out of the penis, it has to pass through the prostate. As the prostate enlarges, the Urethra squeezes out in size and starts to block urine flow.

It is a common condition and occurs when ageing occurs in men over 50 to 60. The prime cause of the enlarged prostate is still untold. It is assumed that it happens due to the change in the sex hormone.

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Symptoms: How to know about enlarged prostate

The symptoms of an enlarged prostate usually increase in size and change in the urination. However, the symptoms can vary for every individual. Hence we have listed out the most common ones. Some of these symptoms are usually mild and harmless while others can be extremely painful to put up with. The common symptoms of an enlarged prostate include:

  • Difficult in peeing completely
  • Frequent urge to pee
  • Sudden urge to urinate
  • Dribble at the end of Urination
  • Painful Urination
  • Blood found in urination

If you experience such symptoms in your body then consult a doctor immediately. If ignored in the initial stage, the problem can grow out to be immensely hard to bear.

Diagnosis of Enlarged Prostate

The most common diagnosis of an enlarged prostate is performing a rectal examination. It involves inspecting the size and shape of the prostate gland to conclude if it’s indeed enlarged prostate condition. Another basic part of the interrogation by the doctors is submitting information about your age and details about urination. Aside from these diagnosis methods, here are some of the most common examination that helps with diagnosis:

Prostatic Biopsy: It is a diagnostic measure that involves the procedure of removal of a small hollow needle-core sample from the prostate gland to examine the state of the cell and also the presence of prostate cancer.

Urinalysis: It is the analysis of your urine to detect and examine a wide range of disorders and infections such as UTI, diabetes and kidney disease. This procedure involves examining the appearance, concentration and the amount of urine.

PSA (Prostate-specific Antigen) Test: PSA test procedure involves blood testing primary to detecting prostate cancer on the screen. The main intestine of this blood test involves measuring the amount of prostate-specific antigen in our blood. PSA is a protein that is produced by the benign and malignant tissues in the prostate.

Urodynamic Test: The UT test involves a procedure of checking how the bladder and the urethra are working together on storing and releasing urine. It focuses on the bladder’s ability to hold urine and emptying.

Post Void Residual: The PVR test involves two different methods for measuring the amount of urine retained in the bladder after a peeing.

Intravenous Pyelogram: It is also known as intravenous urogram that involves a radiological procedure to view the change in the urinary system, kidneys, ureters and bladder. Rather than a normal X-rays, intravenous pyelogram involves highlighting the veins. You will be injected with X-rays dye into your arms that will travel into your kidneys, bladder, ureter and outline each structure.

Cystoscopy: It is a procedure that involves the examination of the inner lining of the bladder and the tube (Urethra) that helps to carry out urine.

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Treatment of Enlarged Prostate

Enlarged Prostate treatment can vary from the persona and the severity of the symptoms. If you experience mild symptoms then it can be resolved with making some lifestyle change. However, if the symptoms are grievous then surgical operations are advised.

Here are some of the lifestyle changes treatment, medication treatment and treatment from surgery. Whatever mode of treatment you opt for depending on your condition, you must visit for a prostate check-up without any delay.

Lifestyle-based treatment

  • Drink less Alcohol, Caffeine and cold drinks
  • Routinely exercise and walks
  • Willingness to pee when you feel the urge
  • Reducing stress level and nervousness
  • Limiting the consumption of artificial sweeteners
  • Stay warm opposed to staying cold as it can trigger the condition indications

Treatment with Medication

If there is no noticeable change in the sign then your doctor might recommend medication. Here are some of the most prominent medication for treating the symptoms of enlarged prostate:

  • Alpha-1 Blockers
  • Antibiotics
  • Hormone reduction medications

Surgical treatment efficiently

There are various surgical operations for the treatment of enlarged prostate. Some practices do not take much time and efficiently be executed at a clinic while the severe ones take place only in the hospital.

Outpatient Surgical Procedure uses

Transurethral microwave therapy (TUMT): Also known as prostatectomy is a procedure to remove all or some parts of the prostate.
Transurethral needle ablation (TUNA): It is a procedure that uses low-level radiofrequency energy to cause selective necrosis of the hyperplastic prostatic tissue while preserving the urethra and other structures

Water-induced thermotherapy (WIT): It is a hydro based procedure that involves destroying the hyperplastic prostatic tissue.

High-intensity focused ultrasonography (HIFU): This therapy involves the use of focused ultrasound waves to thermally remove the selective hyperplastic tissue.

Inpatient Procedure: Inpatient procedures are a severe and critical mode of treatment. Doctor recommendation for such higher surgical operations is only if you possess any symptoms of kidney failure, bladder stone, recurring blood in the urine and frequent UTIs. Here are some of the most common procedure:

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP): It is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of a selective portion of the prostate.

Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP): It is a surgical operation that employs an instrument inserted into the urethra that induces an electric current to create an incision in the prostate.

Simple Prostatectomy: It is a producer that involves removal of the inner part of the prostate gland. This surgery involves making an incision in the lower belly.

Complications of Enlarged Prostate

There is quite a lot of complication of enlarged prostate due to frequent ignorance and not seeking early treatment. Here are some of the most common complication of an enlarged prostate.

  • Urinary Tract Infection
  • Kidney damage
  • Urinary Stones
  • Frequent urge of peeing
  • Blooding in the urinary tract

If you find any of the symptoms in your body then it is highly recommended to seek active medical guidance and treatment.

Book an appointment for Enlarged Prostate Treatment at Urofertility in Delhi.